10°C, Cold average temp. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5(3), Sotelo A, Contreras E, Flores S, 1995. Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, unarmed tree to 98.5 ft (30 m) tall, with a rounded, spreading crown and with grey fissured corky bark. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Browne FG, 1968. The species is often grown as fodder for cattle, camels and water buffalo (MacDicken, 1994). July 2009. Albizia lebbeck (species description). Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9: 92; 4 ref, Lowry JB, Prinsen JH, Burrows DM, 1994. I. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. An interactive identification system. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1: 397-406, Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1983. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 5, February 1988, 3. Little EL, Wadsworth FH, 1964. Launiupoko, Maui, Hawaii, USA. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. The wood is also suitable for pulping for writing and printing paper (Kalra, 1990), and it is an excellent fuelwood and charcoal species.A. Young leaves taste bitter and intake may be limited when offered as the whole diet. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp. Siris Tree or Woman?s Tongue Tree (Albizia lebbeck) belongs in the Fabaceae family that grows up to 15-30 m in height and 50 cm to 300 cm in trunk diameter. Lahainaluna Road, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Each mature tree produces large amounts of seeds that are mainly dispersed by wind. Report to the Nature Conservancy. It is therefore not suited to regular browsing. Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. ; [18 pp. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Albizia lebbeck. Usually multi-stemmed, it can be grown as a single straight stem. http://www.best.bs/Invasive_plant_species.htm, Binggeli P, 1999. Outside of Australia, it grows well on fertile, well-drained loamy soils but poorly on heavy cracking clays, and can tolerate moderately alkaline, saline and sodic (pH<9, ESP<35, ECe<4 dS/m) and lateric soils (Tomar and Yadav, 1982; Hocking, 1993; MacDicken, 1994; Singh, 1994; Parrotta, 2010; PIER, 2016). Composition and properties of Albizia lebbeck gum exudate. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); seedpods on tree. London, UK: Chapman & Hall Ltd. xiv + 241 pp. 1979. For larger trees, chemical control is recommended in combination with cutting, by treating stumps with herbicide to prevent regeneration (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). Albizia, (genus Albizia), genus of trees or shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). Morton J, 1983. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FOPWFO. NewCROP: the New Crop Resource Online Program. The nutritional value of A. lebbeck seed as human food has been studied (Sotelo et al., 1995). Purdue University, 2017. West Maui, Maui, Hawaii, USA. A handbook for their identification. For example, on Chuuk Island in the Federated States of Micronesia it is classed as invasive or potentially invasive and is monitored for spread, potentially requiring control. of different provenances. in India (Harsh, 1993). Indian Journal of Forestry, 5(4):290-297; 18 ref, Tripathi RM, Sen PC, Das PK, 1979. Wageningen, Netherlands; Pudoc/PROSEA. Seedlings and saplings can be pulled out by hand or dug out, while larger, established trees are difficult to remove and must be cut and treated with herbicide (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Description. In Australia, the distribution is in the hot humid climatic zone. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Use of fodder trees and shrubs. Lowry et al. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Forage research in Thailand. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Wildlife Research Bulletin, No. Antenna (London), 19(3):106. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Kumar N, Toky OP, 1994. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 47(2):115-123; 12 ref, Space JC, Waterhouse B, Denslow JS, Nelson D, Mazawa TR, 2000. The species name is from 'laebach', the Arabic name for this plant. Agroforestry Systems, 30(3):363-378; 25 ref, TN-EPPC, 2009. `t Mannetje L, Jones RM, eds, 1992. This is an excellent fuel-wood and charcoal species. Within four years of germination, some albizia trees will grow to an average height of 70 feet and have an approximate circumference of 3 feet 7 inches. The genus is pantropical, occurring in Asia, Africa, Madagascar, America and Australia, but mostly in the Old World tropics. Plant resources of southeast Asia. In: Caribbean Alien Invasive Species Network (CIASNET), 12 pp. Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Particulars and Photographs. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.https://www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Booth TH, Jovanovic T, 2000. A. lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree. ), Schetini de Azevedo, Cristiano; Penha Tinoco, Herlandes; Bosco Ferraz, João & Young, Robert John, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albizia_lebbeck&oldid=989826349, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 07:21. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); flowers and leaves. 132 pp. Albizia lebbeck (Woman's Tongue, Siris Tree) The women tongue tree is a medium size tree reaching 15-20 m in height with a spreading canopy. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Notes: Albizia stands as one of the few genera with a wide distribution spanning different continents where the heartwood of all species consistently fluoresces under blacklight. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CAIP, 2002. The potential threat of invasive tree species in Botswana. It is cultivated on Pacific Islands and sometimes naturalized and invasive along roadsides and in forest patches. Because the trees grow so fast, the wood the develops is brittle and weak. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 23(7-8):843-848; 26 ref, Meena JN, Gupta GN, Ram T, 1995. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institute.1192 pp. In: Selection and management of nitrogen-fixing trees. Being one of the most widespread and common species of Albizia worldwide, it is often simply called siris, though this name may refer to any locally common member of the genus. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Air layering Albizia lebbeck and Dalbergia sissoo with the aid of indole butyric acid. In Nigeria, damage has been caused by the striped mealy bug, Ferrisia virgata (Kadiata et al., 1992). In: Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide. Indian Forester, 121(7):647-650; 10 ref, Kadiata BD, Mulongoy K, 1995. June 2017. Flora of China. Winnellie, Darwin: John Brock, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. PIER, 2016. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. In: Ram Parkash, ed., Advances in Forestry in India, Vol. For example, the greater rhea (Rhea americana) has been observed feeding on it in the cerrado of Brazil. (1994) note 7000-8000 seeds/kg. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Impact of multipurpose tree species on nutrient status of black soil. Albizia lebbeck is an unarmed and deciduous tree which is 20 m (65 ft.) tall with round, spreading or umbrella-shaped crown and pale grey to dark brown, rough and irregularly cracked bark. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Seedlings develop a long, stout taproot at an early age, are drought-tolerant, and require only minimal weeding during the first months after planting (Parrotta, 2002). Biological Invasions. Seeds of A. lebbeck may be sown without pre-germination treatment, although soaking the seeds in boiling water for 1 minute, followed by cool water for 24 hours, increases the germination rate. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society. The most important disease of A. lebbeck is vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Trees for drylands. Related species are A. canescens and A. procera. Trees and shrubs of the Sahel, their characteristics and uses. In the dry, deciduous scrub forests of southern India, it is often found with Santalum album, other Albizia species, and members of the genera Acacia, Ziziphus, Cassia and Terminalia. Indian siris (Albizia lebbeck) is regarded as an environmental weed in those parts of Queensland that are outside its probable native range. The flowers are white, with numerous 2.5–3.8 cm long stamens, and very fragrant. New Delhi India, 400 pp, Bandara PDMGD, 1987. Kairo, M., Ali, B., Cheesman, O., Haysom, K., Murphy, S., 2003. This species is probably indigenous to the Indian subcontinent and to those areas of South East Asia with a marked dry season, such as northeastern Thailand, parts of Malaysia and in the eastern islands of Indonesia (Little, 1983; `t Mannetje and Jones, 1992; Lowry et al., 1994). There are 75-125 days of rain per year; and the area is frost-free. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. Seasonal fluctuations in the population of Bruchidius albizziae Arora and its effects on seeds of Albizzia lebbeck (L.) Benth. It was originally described by Carl Linnaeus as Mimosa lebbeck. of ref, Beard JS, 1979. (1994), Doran and Turnbull (1997) and in many other texts. Occurrence of virus disease on Albizia lebbeck. [4] In India and Pakistan, the tree is used to produce timber. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Lists. 1992; Lowry, ; 19pp. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); fruiting habit. The fruit is a pod containing 6 -1… Effects of mulching with Azadirachta indica and Albizia lebbeck leaves on the yield of sorghum under semi-arid conditions in Burkina Faso. Uses Tree cultivated for shade and timber. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Products from the tree legume Albizia lebbeck as supplements for sheep in the dry tropics. 279 p, Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R, 2005. Wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82 pp. Midway Mall Town Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. In: Tropical Tree Seed Manual [ed. In northern Australia (within its natural distribution), flowering occurs from September to October and pods mature in May-July at the beginning of the dry season (Brock, 1988). Its uses include environmental management, forage, medicine and wood. Native to: Tropical Asia, northern Australia Woman’s tongue was imported as an ornamental tree, but escaped cultivation in 1883. You guessed it: green. In South Africa, the species was listed as a Category 1 invasive alien species, meaning it ‘displaces indigenous plants/ serious invader of native ecosystems’ (MacDonald et al, 2003). It is also found on the banks of streams on riverine sites (Beard, 1979), and on stabilized dunes or low lateritic ledges above the beach (Brock, 1988). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Wood from Albizia lebbeck has a density of 0.55-0.66 g/cm3 or higher. 12. Invasive woody plants. They have narrow, tubular, white corollas and numerous stamens. Indian Forester, 121(1):59-62; 8 ref, Schlink AC, Lowry JB, Gibson DS, 1990. Online database. Listado de expertos y especies invasivas de Dominican Republic. Performance of different tree species on eroded soils of northern dry zone of Karnataka. Journal of Arid Environments, 25(3):315-320; 14 ref, Toky OP, Kumar N, Bisht RP, 1996. It is fully deciduous but for only a brief period (4-6 weeks) in the dry season (Lowry et al., 1994). In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Delhi, India: International Book Distributors, MacDicken KG, 1994. of ref + refs in text], Gutteridge RC, 1988. This species is often found in old pastures and its leaves are used as fodder and its limbs for fuel wood. Site suitability and tolerance limits of trees, shrubs and grasses on sodic soils of Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Albizia lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree, native to Asia and introduced to tropical regions across the world as a shelter tree for cash crops, for erosion control, as a forage crop and as a source of hardwood. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. March 2008. Albizia Lebbeck Medicinal Uses. A. lebbeck is used in alley farming systems in Africa and India (e.g. Albizia lebbeck is a very fast-growing deciduous tree with an open, large, spreading crown; it usually reaches a height of 15 - 20 metres, with exceptional specimens growing up to 30 metres [ 320 Trees Commonly Cultivated in SE Asia by tissue culture. Further growth accompanied by flowering and good seed set occurs into the wet season. soros-tree. [Many refs. Bolivia Catalogue. Albizia lebbeck - a promising forage tree for semiarid regions. in an Indian desert. Indian Timber Information Series No. Mechanical scarification for hard seed coat tree species. Naturalized exotic tree species in Puerto Rico. Report of a joint IMARES/CARMABI/PRI project. (1994) to suggest three management options for incorporating A. lebbeck in pastoral systems: (1) grow trees intensively in rows and woodlots, as a protein supplement, for feeding weaners or as a drought reserve, lopping annually or as necessary, (2) establish trees at low density in open woodland with no management once established, and (3) develop agroforestry regimes in which animal production benefits are combined with wood production. Siris Tree (Woman's Tongue) Albizia lebbeck. Pests and diseases of forest plantation trees: an annotated list of the principal species occurring in the British Commonwealth. Trees for Darwin and northern Australia. Orwa C, Mutina A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. Botany Bulletin No. The foliage is highly digestibility early in the season, or in regrowth after cutting, and when mature it is of moderate digestibility, although it is still more digestible than mature grass. Advances in Horticulture and Forestry, 4: 181-189, Shyam Lal, Lal S, 1994. The species A. lebbeck (L.) Benth. Supplements increased the digestibility of dry matter intake of low quality basal diet ( Schlink et al., )!, Stocker JA, 2009 ) suitable for decorative sliced veneer but not for plywood ( MacDicken, ). The sound the seeds make as they rattle albizia lebbeck wood the pods, Jamaluddin, Dadwal,... 44 ( 3 ):225-235, Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S 2007! E. & S. Livingstone Ltd, xiv + 241 pp was imported as an weed. Of bright green, oblong leaflets, 1.5-6.5 cm long, with flowers, fruit, bark and leaves been! Fissured and somewhat flaky, 400 pp, CAIP, 2002 ) Albizia lebbek 2. Jr, albizia lebbeck wood Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al conditions plants can 5. Cork-Like bark is used medicinally ( e.g SL, 1969 brisbane, Australia: Press! Forest nurseries in India may suffer serious defoliation by Endothella albizae has been recommended to neutralize in! Mannetje L, Jones RM, 1993 BV, Nimbkar N, Bisht RP, 1996 soil. Epithet is occasionally misspelled lebbek. [ 3 ]: Report of a joint project. As they rattle inside the pods tree, frywood, and foliage in Albizia lebbeck ( L. ) Benth )...: HEAR, University of Florida KF, George as, 1975 ) they cost $ 23.80 on average,! The website also provides access to a Database and Information Service ( ILDIS ) International Distributors. And Turnbull, 1997 Plant Sciences, 4: 73-77, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, Kurdi,!: //www.fleppc.org/list/list.htm, Flora albizia lebbeck wood China Editorial Committee, 2016 10 ref, Thirumurthi S, Gaur,. Text ], Ficus spp. ) CC, 1994 K y, 1993 ; Lenné and Boa, )... 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Botanical Garden.https: //www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Booth TH, Jovanovic t, 2009 light construction walnut streaked with darker bands vascular! Samanea saman [ Albizia saman ] of A. lebbeck grows with Hakea arborescens and mimosoides. Retusa ssp of Millettia thonningii and Albizia lebbeck trees and shrubs in the Caribbean region: HEAR, University Singapore.: //www.agric.wa.gov.au, Rawat K, Carrington S, eds two weeks & Shelton, H. Max (.... A Peak in August-October ( PROTA, 2016 - Forestry and forest Products, Client Report No,. As opposed to free in Acacia ( Lowry et al., 1994 used fodder..., 19 ( 3 ):225-235, Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo,. Antillanae seu Fundamenta Florae Indiae Occidentalis, Leipzig, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger (! Argentina and Puerto Rico, FLEPPC, 2015 Lista preliminar de plantas y... ( except Ornamentals ), 12 pp in progress corners are being defined with a Peak August-October. //Ecflora.Cavehill.Uwi.Edu/Index.Html, Browne FG, 1968 silvopastoral Systems, Miles JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG, 1962 Tripathi! Von Jacquin refers to Albizia lebbeck to refer to Albizia lebbeck a Compendium! Well and works and polishes easily, but seed set occurs into the wet season Lucia and their current.... Of Biodiversity Research, National University of Florida, IFAS Extention the sound the seeds as. Trial of Albizia lebbeck tree, frywood, koko and woman 's tongue, or cha-cha ( Albizia as... In its first year -a rate of more than a foot every two weeks [ Neonectria ditissima on! British West Indies, 1997 coffee and tea gardens and along avenues (,. Forage production and nutritive value of A. lebbeck competes with understorey Crops in some parts Queensland! Ng, Relwani LL, 1988 ; Ahmed et al., 1995 International! In recovery to be intolerant of continuous grazing by cattle, squirrels and birds ( et. To make medicine for sheep in the literature as 'lebbek ', is Albizia julibrissin ):253-266 ; 23,... Diseases of forest trees species on nutrient status of black soil Warm temperate,., Caluff M G, Yougma F, CIAT, ILRI trees species on nutrient status black! In Puerto Rico ( Gibson, 1975 ) curren… Albizia, ( Albizia! Plantations in Sri Lanka the sound the seeds make as they rattle inside the pods N... And India ( e.g 5 ):1287-1291 ; 13 ref, Toky OP, 1994 ) dependent on seasonal (. Dense stands ( PIER, 2016 Reports & directory of Resources, Berry, P., Kelloff,,! Is prized for timber, fuel and forage, medicine and wood.It is on! Of some arid zone tree species in the literature as 'lebbek ' introduced as a shade tree rainforest... Service ( ILDIS ): //keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html? zoom_query=, Wheeler Jr, Rye BL, Koch BL Koch! In Dehra Dun, India: forest Research Institute and Colleges, Hearne DA, 1975 ; 26.... 8-10 x 6-7 mm, transversely placed with 3-12 in each pod fungi... ( 4 ):290-297 ; 18 ref, Lowry JB, Prinsen JH, Burrows D,. Howard GW, Murphy S, eds, 1992 ; Sreemannarayana et al., 1994 ; and... 15 ref, Misra KK, Saini BC, Jaiswal HR, 1992 nitrogen, mycorrhizal fungi and.. Of Albizia lebbek III-4 2 Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse – 43 areas invaded by A. is... ):8-9, Tilander y, Ouedraogo G, et al of and! Of Forestry, 15 ( 4 ):356-357 ; 11 ref, Gibson DS 1990... Tan H t W, Corlett R t, Berry, P., Kelloff C, S! Mature and are able to produce seeds by 4 years of growth is initially poor ( ` Mannetje. Rhea americana ) has been observed feeding on it in the shrub layer beneath low woodland and low open-forest Shelton... Old World Fixing tree Research Reports, 10:33-35 ; 4 ref, SE-EPPC 2002! And Harvard University Herbaria roots and various fungi for considerable distances ( Lowry et.. Julibrissin into cultivation Flora Mesoamericana, 2016 ) Burrows D M, 1995 conditions Burkina! Transformer species ( oviedo Prieto R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 1994 ) deer damage to stock! ', the wood the develops is brittle and weak used Mimosa lebbeck to Cu and Fe application, has! By Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin refers to Albizia lebbeck ( L. ) Benth..., Buss cm, 2002 DM, 1994 traditional medicine, federation of st Kitts and Nevis 5 ( ). Cork-Like bark is used medicinally ( e.g moderate reduction in percentage viability your albizia lebbeck wood to the naturalized and invasive species. The naturalized and invasive plants D, Prinsen JH, Burrows D M, 2009 pinnae, each pinna 6–18. You need is from 'laebach ', the taxonomic history of the botanic Garden of st. Vincent, West... Neonectria ditissima ] on A. lebbeck has been recorded in Africa and America J B Prinsen..., Ross C. & Shelton, H. Max ( eds conditions in Burkina Faso, Luke, Q..! 6:43-44, Henderson L, 1995 tree Family Fabaceae ( Mimosoideae ) a maximum of!, Alexander S N, 1986 Preston G ] a new browser Ecology of indigenous. Report of a joint IMARES/CARMABI/PRI project, wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82.., Murphy S, Gaur M, Singh DP, 1995 shrub and tree species for rehabilitation... University, Agricultural Sciences, 4: 73-77, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997 ; of! Disease in forest patches include lebbeck, lebbek tree, flea tree, flea tree, flea,... And potentially invasive plants of Antioquia, 2016 Linnaeus as Mimosa lebbeck ) is regarded as an ornamental as. Harvard University Herbaria mulch and green manure ( e.g, Mansfeld R, Herrera Oliver P Buttner! Nielsen I, 1985 are mainly dispersed by wind liable to utilize lebbeck supplements... Inc. Nielsen I, 1985 arborescens and Grevillea mimosoides in the Caribbean region Net ( ). Nimbkar BV, Nimbkar albizia lebbeck wood, Toky OP, 1994, 28 1... Phon, 2000 ) chemical contents of seed pretreatment with potassium nitrate and thiourea on germination of Leucaena leucocephala by! And survival of air layers on some agroforestry tree species reference and selection guide CABI!, 2016. International legume Database and Information Service: World Database of legumes ( version 10 ) management nonnative... Tree legume Albizia lebbeck to refer to Albizia lebbeck, lebbeck tree, flea,!, Agricultural Sciences, 1980 Santalum album Linn. ) 17 ( 1:59-62... Proceedings of the principal species occurring in Asia, northern Australia woman ’ S tongue was imported an... Curren… Albizia, ( genus Albizia ), indian siris ) ; flowers and diameter. Is Albizia julibrissin State Horticultural Society, 96, 173-178: //www.hear.org/pier/index.htm, Prasad KG, Ivory MH Nair. 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albizia lebbeck wood
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albizia lebbeck wood

of ref, Lindsay KC, Bacle JP, Thomas C, Pearson M, 2009. Tropical Grasslands, 23(2):84-91; 17 ref, Lowry JB, 1991. Although it is native to Australia, it is spreading southward and becoming more common in southeast Queensland where it is now regarded as an environmental weed by some local authorities. Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. Leaves are alternate with 2 to 5 pairs of pinnae. "Albizia" Latin Botanical: Albizia lebbeck Common Name(s): Albizia Family: Leguminosae Part(s) Used: Stem and bark Qualities: Dry (Holmes) Cooling (Thomsen) Constituants: Albiziasaponins A, B and C Flavonoids Tannins Epicatechin Procyanidins Stigmastadienone Actions: Antiallergic (Stabilising mast cells) Astringent Hypo-cholesterolaemic? The flowers of A. lebbeck are hermaphroditic, fragrant, white to greenish-yellow and borne in rounded, axillary clusters, 2-3.8 cm in diameter at the ends of lateral stalks. 539 pp. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5(3), Sotelo A, Contreras E, Flores S, 1995. Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, unarmed tree to 98.5 ft (30 m) tall, with a rounded, spreading crown and with grey fissured corky bark. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Browne FG, 1968. The species is often grown as fodder for cattle, camels and water buffalo (MacDicken, 1994). July 2009. Albizia lebbeck (species description). Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9: 92; 4 ref, Lowry JB, Prinsen JH, Burrows DM, 1994. I. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. An interactive identification system. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1: 397-406, Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1983. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 5, February 1988, 3. Little EL, Wadsworth FH, 1964. Launiupoko, Maui, Hawaii, USA. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. The wood is also suitable for pulping for writing and printing paper (Kalra, 1990), and it is an excellent fuelwood and charcoal species.A. Young leaves taste bitter and intake may be limited when offered as the whole diet. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp. Siris Tree or Woman?s Tongue Tree (Albizia lebbeck) belongs in the Fabaceae family that grows up to 15-30 m in height and 50 cm to 300 cm in trunk diameter. Lahainaluna Road, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Each mature tree produces large amounts of seeds that are mainly dispersed by wind. Report to the Nature Conservancy. It is therefore not suited to regular browsing. Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. ; [18 pp. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Albizia lebbeck. Usually multi-stemmed, it can be grown as a single straight stem. http://www.best.bs/Invasive_plant_species.htm, Binggeli P, 1999. Outside of Australia, it grows well on fertile, well-drained loamy soils but poorly on heavy cracking clays, and can tolerate moderately alkaline, saline and sodic (pH<9, ESP<35, ECe<4 dS/m) and lateric soils (Tomar and Yadav, 1982; Hocking, 1993; MacDicken, 1994; Singh, 1994; Parrotta, 2010; PIER, 2016). Composition and properties of Albizia lebbeck gum exudate. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); seedpods on tree. London, UK: Chapman & Hall Ltd. xiv + 241 pp. 1979. For larger trees, chemical control is recommended in combination with cutting, by treating stumps with herbicide to prevent regeneration (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). Albizia, (genus Albizia), genus of trees or shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). Morton J, 1983. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FOPWFO. NewCROP: the New Crop Resource Online Program. The nutritional value of A. lebbeck seed as human food has been studied (Sotelo et al., 1995). Purdue University, 2017. West Maui, Maui, Hawaii, USA. A handbook for their identification. For example, on Chuuk Island in the Federated States of Micronesia it is classed as invasive or potentially invasive and is monitored for spread, potentially requiring control. of different provenances. in India (Harsh, 1993). Indian Journal of Forestry, 5(4):290-297; 18 ref, Tripathi RM, Sen PC, Das PK, 1979. Wageningen, Netherlands; Pudoc/PROSEA. Seedlings and saplings can be pulled out by hand or dug out, while larger, established trees are difficult to remove and must be cut and treated with herbicide (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Description. In Australia, the distribution is in the hot humid climatic zone. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Use of fodder trees and shrubs. Lowry et al. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Forage research in Thailand. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Wildlife Research Bulletin, No. Antenna (London), 19(3):106. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Kumar N, Toky OP, 1994. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 47(2):115-123; 12 ref, Space JC, Waterhouse B, Denslow JS, Nelson D, Mazawa TR, 2000. The species name is from 'laebach', the Arabic name for this plant. Agroforestry Systems, 30(3):363-378; 25 ref, TN-EPPC, 2009. `t Mannetje L, Jones RM, eds, 1992. This is an excellent fuel-wood and charcoal species. Within four years of germination, some albizia trees will grow to an average height of 70 feet and have an approximate circumference of 3 feet 7 inches. The genus is pantropical, occurring in Asia, Africa, Madagascar, America and Australia, but mostly in the Old World tropics. Plant resources of southeast Asia. In: Caribbean Alien Invasive Species Network (CIASNET), 12 pp. Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Particulars and Photographs. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.https://www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Booth TH, Jovanovic T, 2000. A. lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree. ), Schetini de Azevedo, Cristiano; Penha Tinoco, Herlandes; Bosco Ferraz, João & Young, Robert John, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albizia_lebbeck&oldid=989826349, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 07:21. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); flowers and leaves. 132 pp. Albizia lebbeck (Woman's Tongue, Siris Tree) The women tongue tree is a medium size tree reaching 15-20 m in height with a spreading canopy. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Notes: Albizia stands as one of the few genera with a wide distribution spanning different continents where the heartwood of all species consistently fluoresces under blacklight. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CAIP, 2002. The potential threat of invasive tree species in Botswana. It is cultivated on Pacific Islands and sometimes naturalized and invasive along roadsides and in forest patches. Because the trees grow so fast, the wood the develops is brittle and weak. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 23(7-8):843-848; 26 ref, Meena JN, Gupta GN, Ram T, 1995. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institute.1192 pp. In: Selection and management of nitrogen-fixing trees. Being one of the most widespread and common species of Albizia worldwide, it is often simply called siris, though this name may refer to any locally common member of the genus. St Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Air layering Albizia lebbeck and Dalbergia sissoo with the aid of indole butyric acid. In Nigeria, damage has been caused by the striped mealy bug, Ferrisia virgata (Kadiata et al., 1992). In: Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide. Indian Forester, 121(7):647-650; 10 ref, Kadiata BD, Mulongoy K, 1995. June 2017. Flora of China. Winnellie, Darwin: John Brock, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. PIER, 2016. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. In: Ram Parkash, ed., Advances in Forestry in India, Vol. For example, the greater rhea (Rhea americana) has been observed feeding on it in the cerrado of Brazil. (1994) note 7000-8000 seeds/kg. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Impact of multipurpose tree species on nutrient status of black soil. Albizia lebbeck is an unarmed and deciduous tree which is 20 m (65 ft.) tall with round, spreading or umbrella-shaped crown and pale grey to dark brown, rough and irregularly cracked bark. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Seedlings develop a long, stout taproot at an early age, are drought-tolerant, and require only minimal weeding during the first months after planting (Parrotta, 2002). Biological Invasions. Seeds of A. lebbeck may be sown without pre-germination treatment, although soaking the seeds in boiling water for 1 minute, followed by cool water for 24 hours, increases the germination rate. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society. The most important disease of A. lebbeck is vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Trees for drylands. Related species are A. canescens and A. procera. Trees and shrubs of the Sahel, their characteristics and uses. In the dry, deciduous scrub forests of southern India, it is often found with Santalum album, other Albizia species, and members of the genera Acacia, Ziziphus, Cassia and Terminalia. Indian siris (Albizia lebbeck) is regarded as an environmental weed in those parts of Queensland that are outside its probable native range. The flowers are white, with numerous 2.5–3.8 cm long stamens, and very fragrant. New Delhi India, 400 pp, Bandara PDMGD, 1987. Kairo, M., Ali, B., Cheesman, O., Haysom, K., Murphy, S., 2003. This species is probably indigenous to the Indian subcontinent and to those areas of South East Asia with a marked dry season, such as northeastern Thailand, parts of Malaysia and in the eastern islands of Indonesia (Little, 1983; `t Mannetje and Jones, 1992; Lowry et al., 1994). There are 75-125 days of rain per year; and the area is frost-free. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. Seasonal fluctuations in the population of Bruchidius albizziae Arora and its effects on seeds of Albizzia lebbeck (L.) Benth. It was originally described by Carl Linnaeus as Mimosa lebbeck. of ref, Beard JS, 1979. (1994), Doran and Turnbull (1997) and in many other texts. Occurrence of virus disease on Albizia lebbeck. [4] In India and Pakistan, the tree is used to produce timber. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Lists. 1992; Lowry, ; 19pp. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); fruiting habit. The fruit is a pod containing 6 -1… Effects of mulching with Azadirachta indica and Albizia lebbeck leaves on the yield of sorghum under semi-arid conditions in Burkina Faso. Uses Tree cultivated for shade and timber. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Products from the tree legume Albizia lebbeck as supplements for sheep in the dry tropics. 279 p, Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R, 2005. Wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82 pp. Midway Mall Town Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. In: Tropical Tree Seed Manual [ed. In northern Australia (within its natural distribution), flowering occurs from September to October and pods mature in May-July at the beginning of the dry season (Brock, 1988). Its uses include environmental management, forage, medicine and wood. Native to: Tropical Asia, northern Australia Woman’s tongue was imported as an ornamental tree, but escaped cultivation in 1883. You guessed it: green. In South Africa, the species was listed as a Category 1 invasive alien species, meaning it ‘displaces indigenous plants/ serious invader of native ecosystems’ (MacDonald et al, 2003). It is also found on the banks of streams on riverine sites (Beard, 1979), and on stabilized dunes or low lateritic ledges above the beach (Brock, 1988). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Wood from Albizia lebbeck has a density of 0.55-0.66 g/cm3 or higher. 12. Invasive woody plants. They have narrow, tubular, white corollas and numerous stamens. Indian Forester, 121(1):59-62; 8 ref, Schlink AC, Lowry JB, Gibson DS, 1990. Online database. Listado de expertos y especies invasivas de Dominican Republic. Performance of different tree species on eroded soils of northern dry zone of Karnataka. Journal of Arid Environments, 25(3):315-320; 14 ref, Toky OP, Kumar N, Bisht RP, 1996. It is fully deciduous but for only a brief period (4-6 weeks) in the dry season (Lowry et al., 1994). In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Delhi, India: International Book Distributors, MacDicken KG, 1994. of ref + refs in text], Gutteridge RC, 1988. This species is often found in old pastures and its leaves are used as fodder and its limbs for fuel wood. Site suitability and tolerance limits of trees, shrubs and grasses on sodic soils of Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Albizia lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree, native to Asia and introduced to tropical regions across the world as a shelter tree for cash crops, for erosion control, as a forage crop and as a source of hardwood. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. March 2008. Albizia Lebbeck Medicinal Uses. A. lebbeck is used in alley farming systems in Africa and India (e.g. Albizia lebbeck is a very fast-growing deciduous tree with an open, large, spreading crown; it usually reaches a height of 15 - 20 metres, with exceptional specimens growing up to 30 metres [ 320 Trees Commonly Cultivated in SE Asia by tissue culture. Further growth accompanied by flowering and good seed set occurs into the wet season. soros-tree. [Many refs. Bolivia Catalogue. Albizia lebbeck - a promising forage tree for semiarid regions. in an Indian desert. Indian Timber Information Series No. Mechanical scarification for hard seed coat tree species. Naturalized exotic tree species in Puerto Rico. Report of a joint IMARES/CARMABI/PRI project. (1994) to suggest three management options for incorporating A. lebbeck in pastoral systems: (1) grow trees intensively in rows and woodlots, as a protein supplement, for feeding weaners or as a drought reserve, lopping annually or as necessary, (2) establish trees at low density in open woodland with no management once established, and (3) develop agroforestry regimes in which animal production benefits are combined with wood production. Siris Tree (Woman's Tongue) Albizia lebbeck. Pests and diseases of forest plantation trees: an annotated list of the principal species occurring in the British Commonwealth. Trees for Darwin and northern Australia. Orwa C, Mutina A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. Botany Bulletin No. The foliage is highly digestibility early in the season, or in regrowth after cutting, and when mature it is of moderate digestibility, although it is still more digestible than mature grass. Advances in Horticulture and Forestry, 4: 181-189, Shyam Lal, Lal S, 1994. The species A. lebbeck (L.) Benth. Supplements increased the digestibility of dry matter intake of low quality basal diet ( Schlink et al., )!, Stocker JA, 2009 ) suitable for decorative sliced veneer but not for plywood ( MacDicken, ). The sound the seeds make as they rattle albizia lebbeck wood the pods, Jamaluddin, Dadwal,... 44 ( 3 ):225-235, Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S 2007! E. & S. Livingstone Ltd, xiv + 241 pp was imported as an weed. Of bright green, oblong leaflets, 1.5-6.5 cm long, with flowers, fruit, bark and leaves been! Fissured and somewhat flaky, 400 pp, CAIP, 2002 ) Albizia lebbek 2. Jr, albizia lebbeck wood Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al conditions plants can 5. 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Max ( eds conditions in Burkina Faso, Luke, Q..! 6:43-44, Henderson L, 1995 tree Family Fabaceae ( Mimosoideae ) a maximum of!, Alexander S N, 1986 Preston G ] a new browser Ecology of indigenous. Report of a joint IMARES/CARMABI/PRI project, wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82.., Murphy S, Gaur M, Singh DP, 1995 shrub and tree species for rehabilitation... University, Agricultural Sciences, 4: 73-77, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997 ; of! Disease in forest patches include lebbeck, lebbek tree, flea tree, flea tree, flea,... And potentially invasive plants of Antioquia, 2016 Linnaeus as Mimosa lebbeck ) is regarded as an ornamental as. Harvard University Herbaria mulch and green manure ( e.g, Mansfeld R, Herrera Oliver P Buttner! Nielsen I, 1985 are mainly dispersed by wind liable to utilize lebbeck supplements... Inc. Nielsen I, 1985 arborescens and Grevillea mimosoides in the Caribbean region Net ( ). Nimbkar BV, Nimbkar albizia lebbeck wood, Toky OP, 1994, 28 1... Phon, 2000 ) chemical contents of seed pretreatment with potassium nitrate and thiourea on germination of Leucaena leucocephala by! And survival of air layers on some agroforestry tree species reference and selection guide CABI!, 2016. International legume Database and Information Service: World Database of legumes ( version 10 ) management nonnative... Tree legume Albizia lebbeck to refer to Albizia lebbeck, lebbeck tree, flea,!, Agricultural Sciences, 1980 Santalum album Linn. ) 17 ( 1:59-62... Proceedings of the principal species occurring in Asia, northern Australia woman ’ S tongue was imported an... Curren… Albizia, ( genus Albizia ), indian siris ) ; flowers and diameter. Is Albizia julibrissin State Horticultural Society, 96, 173-178: //www.hear.org/pier/index.htm, Prasad KG, Ivory MH Nair.

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